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爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动

Mike_Harlan:


   更高、更快、更远!普通的跳水、跳伞、攀岩早已满足不了追求刺激、挑战难度的体育达人,他们愿意在惊心动魄中感受下极限运动的魅力。本台为您介绍十项流行各国的极限运动。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



请抓紧!


   听到自由攀岩(Freeclimbing),人们可能以为攀岩者没有任何保护措施。其实这种极限运动是允许攀岩者使用绳索作为确保安全的工具,但也仅此而已,攀岩者没有任何辅助工具,只能以双手双脚完成攀登。比自由攀岩更刺激的无疑是Free Solo,这种无保护攀岩可以称之为“玩命攀岩”。攀岩者没有系保险绳,一旦失误,后果不堪设想。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



冰上运动


   从登山运动中派生出来的攀冰也是一项充满刺激的极限运动。攀冰者脚穿冰爪、手执冰镐,将一颗颗冰锥固定在冰面上,再踩着这些支点攀上悬崖。冰面光滑,冰会融化,也易碎裂,气候寒冷等等都是攀冰者要面临的挑战。做足保护性措施、掌握熟练技巧都是攀冰必要的前提条件。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



过分自信有危险


   说到跑酷就不得不提到Raymond Belle,这名曾在越南服役的军人曾练习用这种方式在丛林中更快地逃跑,以躲避敌人的追捕。这项运动理念在于,如何最有效地跨越障碍物。跑酷切忌过分自信、轻率卤莽,这可能会带来严重的后果。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



走稳了!


   高空走绳可以说是极限版的走钢丝。挑战者在摩天大厦或是悬崖峭壁之间架设绳索,从这一头走到另一边。有些表演者会选择系上保险带,比如图片上,来自匈牙利的Bence Kerekes。但是也有人选择不系保险带进行表演。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



滑下山


   滑板达人从山的高处冲下来,滑行速度甚至要超过时速100公里。这种运动全程并没有封锁公路,也就是说,滑板有可能与迎面而来的汽车相撞。头盔、摩托车手套等护具绝不能少。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



玩儿到太空


   在许多国家,因为太空跳跃者(也称太空蹦极)要乘坐热气球,会接触到飞机的飞行区域。所以没有许可证是不能够进行这项运动的。在一些没有这方面规定的地方,跳跃者们积极踊跃。Felix Baumgartner应该是全球最知名的太空蹦极者:2012年,他乘热气球抵达距离地面36,000米的平流层,完成了历史性的纵身一跳。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



请叫我蝙蝠侠!


   在翼装飞行之前,许多人就已经做出尝试给自己装上“翅膀”。其中包括奥地利人Franz Reichelt。1912年,为了测试自己的新装备,他从埃弗尔铁塔跳下,但是这次尝试失败了,他失去了生命。翼装飞行可以达到250公里/小时,它以开启降落伞来结束飞行。这项运动现今依然吸引了不少极限爱好者的眼球,但也时有死亡事件的发生。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



悬崖跳水


   从距离水面20米左右的崖壁上飞身跳入水中,人的下落速度可以达到每小时100公里。身体紧绷,垂直入水十分重要,因为在这种速度情况下,水面硬如板,稍有不慎,轻则骨折,重则死亡。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



拖曳冲浪


   这是冲浪运动的更刺激版:冲浪者将水上摩托车和冲浪板连接在一起,让其拖着进入巨浪。2003年以后,甚至直升机都加入了这场游戏。这项运动的世界纪录保持者是Garrett McNamara,他驾驭了高达30米高的汹涌巨浪。




爱上恐惧感--世界十大流行极限运动



神秘的诱惑


   洞穴潜水的时候,人们不能简单的直上直下。这种运动的要素是保持冷静,不能惊慌。因为没有日光,潜水者需要很好的方向感。水一旦混浊不清,有经验的老手也难以全身而退。专家们敦促出台洞穴潜水守则,因为那里生活着特殊的海底生物。





   Tired of your quiet routine? How about leaving your computer games behind and taking up an extreme sport?




   You can ride a bicycle, right? In that case you're halfway to becoming a mountain biker. All you have to do is take your bike off the road and try some rough terrain. Mountain biking was developed in California in the 1970s and became an Olympic sport in 1996. In the London 2012 games athletes had to navigate a 4.7-kilometre track in less than two hours.




   Not challenging enough? Skydivers jump from aircraft at an altitude of 1,000 to 4,000 metres. You have to be fit but there's no age limit with this sport. Dilys Price from Cardiff went on her first jump aged 54. The minute she came down she wanted to go up again. "I was hooked", said Dilys.


Some adrenaline junkies are even bolder – they've invented base jumping, in which people leap from tall structures, such as buildings or bridges, with a parachute. Many of their stunts aren't legal, especially in urban areas. Dan Witchalls has jumped off The Shard - London's 310 metre-high skyscraper - four times. He says: "Base jumping is scarier than jumping out of a plane. In a plane there's no perception of height, but when you are standing on the edge of the building you can see people and cars - it makes it very real."




   It seems there's no lack of imagination when it comes to risking life to look cool and get the heart pounding. Surfing, scuba diving, rock climbing… How about turning one of your chores into a daredevil pursuit? 'Extreme ironing' isn't for wimps! Pressing your shirt on top of a mountain could be dangerous, depending on the mountain. Extreme ironing is said to have been created in the 1990s in the English town of Leicester by a man who saw a pile of wrinkled clothes and felt bored. That was Phil Shaw who also won the only Extreme Ironing Championships ever held, in Germany in 2002. For him, the thrill of this sport comes from looking at the spectators' faces. Shaw says: "Sometimes they look confused, sometimes they laugh. It's fun to see how people respond to it."




【摘自网络】



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